Not All Dogs Should Be Rehomed

This is actually two pieces I have written.  The first section was printed in the local paper in Oct 2015.  I have expanded on it for this blog.  The second part is a rant I did after a particularly bad situation.  It was the type I would go home and choke up over.  Some details have been changed for privacy.  Now for those who are being responsible – be you an owner or rescue – I thank you.  You are making the hard choices but doing so for the protection of others.

And no – I am adding no pictures to this entry…
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Part 1

I have to get  serious right now. Over the years I have counseled and consoled too many people who ended up adopting or being given/sold dangerous animals. Some owners did the responsible thing.  They recognized the danger.  They knew it was wrong to pass the situation on to someone else. They also realized if the dog was returned to the source there was a chance the animal would be placed again – and the outcome for the new owners could be very bad.  Others were willing to pass on the risk to new owners.   There are a lot of ethical, moral and even legal problems when it comes to placing pets that could be or have been determined dangerous. First we need to look at how dangerous animals end up in the hands of the general pet owning public. It starts with whoever is placing the animal: owner, rescuer, breeder, etc.

If an animal is owner-surrendered to a shelter for serious behavioral concerns and the owner lies about the reason for surrender, a dangerous animal may be placed. Not all behaviors will show in a shelter situation. Sometimes behaviors that indicate issues are not recognized during evaluations.  A wagging tail is not always a happy sign.  A wagging tail can indicate stress. In other cases the behaviors were very apparent but the people placing the animal decided to place the critter and ignore the problems. In one case I worked for several weeks and many hours with, there was a three year, well documented bite history according to the surrendering owner.  There were subsequent behavioral evaluations by trainers with the rescue indicated the dog was truly dangerous. An adoption counselor decided to ignore the huge warnings.  The adopters did not learn about the issues until after the dog was home and the full file was forwarded.  Big block letters about the risk this dog posed and that he should not be placed. Sometimes it is owners who feel a dangerous animal may be safer in a different home – and ignoring reality.

The reality is not all animals can or should be placed. Some are just too dangerous. Sadly many owners of dangerous animals are upset at the prospect at putting down a beloved pet – even if the pet has caused grievous injury. Some rescuers feel it is a badge of honor to place all animals because no animal can truly be dangerous – it is all humans’ fault. Yes, animals can truly be dangerous. I have seen the healing wounds, the scars to adults and children.  I have advised on situations where there was a fatality to another animal in situations that should not have happened.

When you knowingly place a pet with serious behavioral issues (dogs mainly fall under this category in my experience), you can be liable for damages.  I have addressed many cases where documented bite histories were ignored. In some cases, the dogs had been deemed dangerous by other communities and allowed to move out – only to be rehomed.  One rescuer took it as an honor to “rehabilitate” and place dogs others said were dangerous dogs.  There are some rescues who willingly try to find homes for the worst of the worst. One rescuer I knew repeatedly bragged about how she pulled dangerous dogs insisting they could be excellent pets with just some love. One dog, as a puppy, had already killed a neighbor’s pet.  As the neighbor tried to save his pet, the pup (older pup) mauled him. I evaluated this pup shortly after and it was a terrifying evaluation.  I then learned the rescuer would move every few years to keep pesky animal control off her back when someone complained about her misunderstood works of kindness.  Animal control was being called due to dog attacks and bites to neighbors and pets.

Now the fall out… When you place a dangerous animal and something happens, you can be held as liable as the owner. The owner can lose their homeowner’s insurance, be sued, evicted if they rent. They can lose the trust of friends and family.  They are the ones who live with the guilt if their new and already beloved pet causes severe damage or even death.  They are the ones left to make the hardest choice.

I wish anyone who willingly places risky pets could sit in on sessions where veterinarians, trainers, behaviorists and clients as we deal with the fallout. The anger, the tears, the pain…  I wish you could see the physical and emotional scars, the sleepless nights…

Many dog owners have told me they cannot adopt again – they have no trust in rescues. This means future unwanted animals have lost a potential home. Others were afraid to upset the person giving them the dangerous animal (friend or relative).    I have had a few clients call me, tearful, telling me they knew what had to be done but the rescuers were being emotional bullies. Some said if they returned the animal to a rescue or put the animal down they would blacklisted and never be allowed to adopt again.

It is not fair to push the hard choices and liability on those who seek a good pet. It is not fair to strap others with such risk, liability or heartache because you could not be responsible.

To see some examples of cases and news stories, please read the following links.  Warning – there may be graphic images on some.

Family accuses shelter of deceiving them

Rescue Dogs Health and Safety NAIA

We Can’t Save Them All and We Shouldn’t

City Releasing Dangerous Dogs

Behavior vs Breed

Dog Bites 3-year-old (yet I know people who would try to adopt this dog even with the history).

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Part 2this was written fast and hard, lots of tears and sick feelings.  This was cathartic for me – I had to do it.

Client of mine decided to return his dog to a rescue. We worked for weeks to try and make this work. We would get a step forward. Something small would happen and the dog would take three steps back. There was no way to control the dog’s environment enough to prevent even the little things. As was, the environment was very quiet, no children in the community, no through traffic, it was a quiet, private community – we have many around here and they are wonderful for working with dogs who need a slow start.

Now by small things causing setbacks I mean anything that a dog living in this area should be able to manage at small doses would trigger a major explosion. People walking on the other side of the street, vehicles, heaven forbid another animal was seen! Over the weeks, we used careful counter conditioning and desensitizing. I created easy exercises for the owner.  The owner was retired so had lots of time to dedicate to working with the dog. He had exceptional family support. His grown children would assist in sessions and with setting up training scenarios. His neighbors would come out and help. It was just not enough.

One slow car passing would be tolerated, the second car would send the dog barking, the third, well the dog would be emotionally done. He would have serious aggressive outbursts and people would be injured. The dog was very strong, if he panicked, bad things happened. Even with using harnesses that help redirect the pull, the owner could not safely manage outbursts. The owner was injured several times as he was pulled over during a frenzied panic. His vet put the dog on a calming supplement. Weeks later there was no improvement. We had ruled out other medical things but the vet was loathe to put the dog on anxiety reducing medication. The next step would have to be a veterinary behaviorist.   This can be very expensive and one of the two in my region often takes three to four months to get in – yes that busy. Also, both are an hour away at least. (Added Sept 2016 – since writing this I have two new vet behaviorists in my area now – much closer!)

One step forward, three or more back. Don’t get me started on the “this dog is good with dogs.” The rescue insisted he would be great with dogs. That is not what the evaluation video showed. Then place the dog in a home with an elderly dog (who liked other dogs – he had lived wonderfully with other dogs for years). The new dog began to immediately attack the existing dog. Now the house was a fortress. Gates, closed doors, crates, lots of work and we were able to get the dogs barely coexisting – it was not safe. The old, existing guy was at high risk.

The owner called me: he said he just could not do it anymore. Even after extensive work, he and his old dog were not safe. The community was not safe. He had been injured again. A neighbor on a quiet, electric scooter passed. The dog freaked out. The owner was pulled over. The dog got loose. Thankfully no one was injured – well no one but the owner. The dog’s behaviors were completely set back. The owner reviewed the body language and stress information again. The dog was unable to relax. He paced until he passed out. He was always on alert. He was miserable. He had to go back and I supported the decision. I wrote a letter outlining what had been done and my recommendations. The dog was not a candidate for adoption. If the rescue wanted to adopt him out even with the information they had, they must have him evaluated by a veterinarian behaviorist (I provided contact info for two) and follow whatever recommendations were made.

Armed with his notes and my letter, the owner returned the dog. The rescue group of course treated him like he was evil. They insisted the dog was perfectly fine. What did the owner do? He must have done something to this dog in the months they were together. No… Two and a half plus years at the rescue, at least two former homes – no idea why the dog was surrendered or returned, no information was made known to the adopter. Oh but no, this dog was fine… Treat owner like a leper… This dog was not fine. I saw the evaluation video. I saw the dog in the real world. DOG NOT FINE! Well, this was not my first rodeo with this rescue.  Though it will most likely be my last as they will no longer knowingly refer to me – and I suspect the sudden bad reviews that popped up within a short time after this dog was returned – asking how many rescue dogs did I kill  are from one of their disgruntled volunteers – the person states she was never a client of mine.

Years ago I had the gall to tell a volunteer that two dogs were not viable candidates for adoption. She insisted they were. The dogs were insane messes. They were nothing, absolutely nothing that should be placed without intense work with a vet behaviorist and full disclosure.  One dog was almost dead in regards to her behaviors she was so stressed.  She spent a lot of time frozen.  The volunteer is still there and pretty high up in the group from what it sounds like. Bet I am now blacklisted. This is a pretty big rescue too. I have had many clients who have adopted from them over the years.  I have had several clients decide to return the pets to the rescue.  These were not pet dogs but behavioral projects.

As a VERY small business in a very big pond with a huge amount of competition now, I cannot afford this crap. I cannot afford to have rescues bad mouth me but … It is part of the game…

Ethically, morally, I cannot allow this to go on either. People are at risk. Animals are at risk. Owners end up emotionally devastated. If a breeder or pet store did this stuff, they would be crucified. Add “rescue” though and we – adopters and trainers – are the bad guys when something goes wrong. We support the owner with returning the dog or even putting the dog down after a serious incident and we are evil, heartless… I ask… Are you the ones sitting with an owner, tough, military man, as he cries? No. We are.

Yeah, one group placed a dog who wanted to kill people “Just a little love is needed.” Dog went back. Director called and tried to rip me a new one. Then she saw my notes and the liability she now knew. If this dog was placed again and mauled (this would not be a bite but an all out mauling based on what I experienced over two hours) the rescue could no state they had no idea. It was in writing. This dog was doing all in his power to get to me. Trying rip out of a crate, trying to pull away from the adopter (who was also having issues with him), etc… Yeah I would die. He was a huge dog. Oh, no fenced yard either and a densely populated neighborhood with loads of little kids.  I was called in because the dog was trying to attack people and would if given the chance.

Another group ignored a three year bite history, two scary evaluations by behaviorists and then stated “Dog will be fine with love.” Not according to the trainers and behaviorists who worked with him before me. Not to me. These dogs are some of many… The stories, the histories, the talks, what is seen, worked with, what has to happen… Who has to be the bad guy? The Adopter? The Trainer? Those who work for many hours and spend hundreds of dollars just to see if any reasonable resolution can happen… We are evil… We made the dog come back or die. Forget there may have been a serious bite. Forget there may have been injury. Forget you may have been told NOT to adopt out that dog by your group’s preferred trainer.

One of these days, someone will sue a rescue for hiding a bad past and expose things. It is the dirty – not – so – little – rescue secret. Refusal to see not all dogs can or should be adopted is a moral crime. Then you put the gut wrenching decisions to the adopters.

Owners call you the rescuers – distraught. This animal is dangerous. They cannot make it work. There have been bites or really risky things that are precursors to a bite. You hassle them. You say they will never adopt again from any rescue – word will get out. The worst words – “You failed the dog.” Yes these people may never adopt again because they were so burned. That hope of a good dog, not perfect but good, is gone. No they will never adopt again. In every case I personally had, every home would have been a great home for a truly adoptable dog. So all dogs lose. Many good homes have been lost to future needy dogs.

To those great rescuers who are making the tough choices and working to prevent this – thank you! It is a hard job. Thankless but you know sometimes the decision to give a dog a good meal, a game of fetch and a final hug on his way towards the Rainbow Bridge is far more humane than adoption. That final act of kindness could save a person from so much hurt – physically and emotionally.

End note – for the person who has publically demanded to know how many dogs I have condemned to death because I feel not all dogs can be safely rehomed and I had the gall to recommend a dog with a bite history be returned or put down – here you go.   Less than ten dogs in close to 18 years in business.  In each case I suggested an evaluation with a vet or vet behaviorist as well and gave contact information.  In each case there had been either a known bite history, maulings to humans and animals, fatalities to animals, neurological concerns raised by vets, evaluations by others stating the dog was not suited for adoption but the reports ignored (or the reports stating avoid the type of environment the dog was adopted into – then there was a bite or behaviors indicated a bite was imminent).   Trust me there had been work ups and such recommended before the decision was made.  There were also discussions regarding local laws and liabilities with these dogs.  No matter how much work is done, the law can always override what we would like to do if there is an incident – owners must be aware of this.  Yes there are some dogs that will do better in a different home (and with continuing behavior work).   For those I recommend a different environment but we must do so before there is a bite and the law may step in and take out choice.  Oh, in a few of the less than 18 cases in close to two decades – the law was involved.  The law was already working towards forcing the owners’ hands.  At that point there is mot much anyone can do when the law can override.    

There are liabilities for everyone involved with  a dog that is risky and dangerous, read this from Dog Bite Law.

Here is a power point from Animal Care Conference.

I have seen personally the damage some of these dogs have done. I have seen wounds, a few days past bite, with drains and stitches.  I have entered homes as a fight was being broken up to find blood on walls and ceilings.  I have read adoption evaluations stating “Do not place this dog with XYZ” and the dog was placed with XY&Z.  In 34 years of dog work and almost 18 years now in my own business, I have seriously discussed euthanasia in less than ten cases since opening my business in 2000.  (This was updated in 2017 and the number is still less than ten dogs).

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