Rocco was a young adult retriever. He used to be out of control, but friendly. Now he was out of control and aggressive. As a puppy, Rocco was taught to grab people and pull them over. It was how a previous owner taught Rocco to greet. He was given to relatives when Rocco became too much to handle. The relatives did not have a fenced yard. Rocco loved people and would tackle pedestrians. To save pedestrians from the line backer tackle greetings, Rocco’s new owners installed an electric shock fence.
Rocco’s behaviors changed from over-exuberant greetings to no longer approaching in a friendly manner. His owners followed the training regiment as per the installer. For a few weeks, Rocco seemed alright but then it all went to Hades in a handbag. It is common for undesired behaviors to show up days, weeks, even months after installation of these “fences.” Therefore, the undesired behaviors may not be attributed to the shock. Dogs forget the boundary lines and begin associating the shock with other things – such as pedestrians. The shock fence was a major component in Rocco’s declining behaviors.
Rocco associated people with the shock. Therefore, Rocco worked to get rid of the things that caused his pain. I watched him violently charge after pedestrians only to scream in pain when he hit the forgotten boundary. This reinforced that people passing the yard equaled bad things. The more Rocco tried to chase them off, the more he was shocked. The more he escalated the charges. Eventually he would go through the shock line and no one would be safe. I worked with Rocco and his owners on and off for almost two years. I recommended safer confinement options for Rocco that would allow for better rehabilitation. No, they did not want any alternatives to confine Rocco. This limited what I could accomplish. I could not rehabilitate Rocco without the removal of the pain.
Good trainers and behaviorists realize risks shock fences pose. I have observed and worked with a variety of issues: fear to step on grass, fear of wearing a collar, excessively nervous behaviors, and human/animal aggression. I evaluated a dog afraid to move off a single small spot in a one acre, shock fenced area because she forgot where the boundary was. She wore a thin path to the center of the yard where she stood and shook until called in. The owner felt it was funny that the dog had so much space but only used a small spot. It is common for owners to not realize that the changes can be directly related to the shock fence. The owner was clueless that the shock fence caused her dog’s anxiety.
Behavioral change is only one concern with shock fences. Here are others:
- The collars can malfunction leading to constant shocking or none at all
- No protection for your pet from other animals or humans
- No protection for people from your dog if the line is crossed by your dog or people accidentally step inside the boundary
- No power, no shock
- Electronic devices on the same frequency can trigger the collar – therefore your dog can be shocked at random times throughout the day
- Electronic sounds similar to the warning tone can cause stress for the dog as he anticipates a zap
- Dogs need frequent retraining of boundaries
- If your dog escapes and you call him from inside the shock line, he will be zapped upon return – therefore he may not return
- Not all laws consider shock fences as safe confinement so if anything happens, you could be considered to have an improperly confined dog
- There is no protection for people who have to be on your property – once they cross the line, they are at the mercy of the dog
Ask yourself: are these confinement systems worth the risk? Would you put your dog in a position where he can escape, be stolen, attacked and/or develop aggressions? Please consider safer alternatives.